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  Abstract.This paper adopts such research methods as literature materials and logical analysis. It makes explorations on tennis and its cultural connotations. In addition, it analyzes the relationship between the functions of tennis itself and the physical health of university students. It is found that tennis plays an active role in improving the physical health of university students and the influence is profound. This paper aims to further promote tennis in the scope of university, making it an indispensable part in the sports cultural life of university students.
   Key words: Tennis; physical health of university students; campus sports culture; influence
  
  1.Introduction
  Tennis is called as the second largest sports in the world, ranking only after football. Currently the construction of the sports stadium in our country has entered into the stage of high speed construction. There are great deals of cities that are constructing the sports stadiums. This paper adopts such research methods as literature materials and logical analysis. In addition, it analyzes the relationship between the functions of tennis itself and the physical health of university students. Even though enclosed, dome stadiums are called stadiums because they are large enough for, and designed for, what are generally considered to be outdoor sports. It is found that tennis plays an active role in improving the physical health of university students and the influence is profound. This paper aims to further promote tennis in the scope of university, making it an indispensable part in the sports cultural life of university students. Those designed for what are usually indoor sports are generally called arenas. They are not only the sports facilities, but also the cultural facilities. The sports stadiums that are equipped with fine information basis can not only satisfy the requirements of the sports competitions of large scale and high specifications, but also promote the operation management and the specification construction of other comprehensive services. It makes explorations on tennis and its cultural connotations. It is as well the symbol of a country with high sports information levels. At the same time, it has certain influenced the physical health of modern university students.
  
  2.Tennis and its Cultural Connotations
  While the modern game of tennis originated in late 19th century England, most historians believe that the games ancient origin is from 12th century France, but the ball was then struck with the palm of the hand. An interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. Flexibility and mobility exercises are essential for players of all standards so that they can be adequately prepared for dynamic activity during a game. It is also important to do exercises using both sides of the body to counteract the one-sided development of body musculature. The dominant arm becomes overdeveloped because of the asymmetrical increase in size of the dominant shoulder girdle. This affects body posture and may result in stresses and strains causing injuries in other parts of the body. Tennis involves a considerable amount of side-to-side movement. To minimize injuries, tennis shoes should have a strong heel cup and heel counter. Also, the forefoot should be made of sturdy material to cope with the dragging of the trail leg during low ground shots.
  Muscle imbalance, insufficient recovery, and biomechanical compensations are among the top health risks that tennis players encounter when they compete and practice too much, a common habit among professionals and avid players. This guide to playing healthy tennis offers descriptions and illustrations of the physical complexity of every tennis motion, demonstrating the astonishing array of potential injuries threatening the unprepared player. Optimal performance and low risk of injury are the top results for tennis players who adhere to the training program, proper nutrition, and equipment selection recommendations in this sports medicine manual. Consideration is given to the specific physical risks that juniors, veterans, female competitors, and wheelchair athletes may encounter.
  
  3.Major Functions of Tennis
  Sports have a lot of social functions. Generally speaking, there are three basic functions such as contribution to body building, education and entertainment. There is no exception for tennis as well.
  3.1.Contribution of tennis to body-building
  Improve the self-protection awareness of the athletics. Do exercises according to the self exercise abilities and the body qualities. The sports amount cannot be added without any purpose and manners. Arrange the training in a reasonable manner. Exercise has long been touted as the panacea for everything that ails you. Most of the heart protection appears to be realized by people who go from being sedentary to being moderately active. Gradually improve the undertaking abilities of the tibia to the stretches of the muscles and the ground impact. Strengthen the medical monitoring. The athletics should make the body check at a regular term. Athletics with illness are prohibited to take part in the exercises. When it is serious, proliferation would occur. It will result in fatigue fracture sometimes. This is relevant to anterior muscle restrained contraction in the events in the sports process. Exercise-induced tibia is due to the excessive exercises of running, jumping and leg-drive backward, etc, with hard shoe sole in the cement ground and hard ground surface. So pay special attention to the pain of the tibia surface and the bone. When there are adverse feelings, adjust the sports load of the lower limbs. Avoid running, jumping or leg-drive backward exercises for a long time on the hard ground.
  3.2.Contribution of tennis to education
  Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from the fields of kinesiology and psychology. It involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance and how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors. In addition to instruction and training of psychological skills for performance improvement, applied sport psychology may include work with athletes, coaches, and parents regarding injury, rehabilitation, communication, team building, and career transitions.
  3.3.Contribution of tennis to leisure
  Different sports require fields of different size and shape. Some stadiums are designed primarily for a single sport while others can accommodate different events, particularly ones with retractable seating. The most common multiple use design combines a football pitch with a running track, a combination which generally works fairly well, although certain compromises must be made. The major drawback is that the stands are necessarily set back a good distance from the pitch, especially at the ends of the pitch. In the case of some smaller stadiums, there are not stands at the ends. When there are stands all the way around, the stadium takes on an oval shape. When one end is open, the stadium has a horseshoe shape. All three configurations are common, especially in the case of American college football stadiums. Rectangular stadiums are more common in Europe, especially for football where many stadiums have four often distinct and very different stands on the four sides of the stadium. These are often all of different sizes and designs and have been erected at different periods in the stadium"s history. The vastly differing character of European football stadiums has led to the growing hobby of ground hopping where spectators make a journey to visit the stadium for itself rather than for the event held there.
  3.4.Contribution of tennis to economics
  One common area of study within sport psychology is the relationship between personality and performance. This research focuses on specific personality characteristics and how they are related to performance or other psychological variables.
  3.5.Contribution of tennis to aesthetics
  Pleased mind is fundamental to a strong body. In the past, women had to be harassed. They should to do needle work and housework at home. Women did not need to work in the farms. According to the field investigations by the author, the spreading places were known for their spiciness. A season of paddies could supply the food for the whole family for an entire year in the local area every year. Therefore, compared to the women in other places, the local women had more time to do things they liked. Moreover, they had the special character media; they could entertain themselves in the poor world that lacked of materials. The leisure activities associated with festivals could bring a richer live space for people.
  
  4.Tennis and its Culture Uniqueness
  it analyzes the relationship between the functions of tennis itself and the physical health of university students. It is found that tennis plays an active role in improving the physical health of university students and the influence is profound. This paper aims to further promote tennis in the scope of university, making it an indispensable part in the sports cultural life of university students.
  Generally speaking, white-collar class has relatively stronger requirements for the catharsis of physical strength and mental pressure. In the workplace, it pays attention to the social status. Therefore, it has relatively stronger requirements to carry out activities that can show their status. In addition to this, there are as well relatively more industrial workers and business workers participate in the national fitness badminton activity. Tennis has its economic values. This has reflected, to a certain extent, that the requirements of badminton leisure activities for the crowd with relatively low professional status. For those professionals mainly requires physical strength, work out of physical strength would induce to the fatigue of muscles and thus on physiology. In this case, it has relatively strong requirements for promoting the assimilation of the new and excretion of the old.
  Tennis is enjoyed by millions of recreational players and is also a hugely popular worldwide spectator sport. If the exercise-induced tibia occurs, treatment should be taken in time. When it is quite serious, stop the training immediately. Lessen the exercises of the lower limbs and pay attention to the regional rests. Use infrared radiation in the tibia section when having a rest. Pay attention to the illumination so that the skin would not be burnt. The effect would be definitely better if soft massage is done while the illumination is carried out. In addition, hot compress or hot water can as well promote the partial blood and lymph circulation, which is good for the absorption and the treatment and function recovery.
  Tournaments are often organized by gender and number of players. Common tournament configurations include men"s singles, women"s singles, and doubles, where two players play on each side of the net. Tournaments may be arranged for specific age groups, with upper age limits for youth and lower age limits for senior players. Players may also be matched by their skill level. According to how well a person does in sanctioned play, a player is given a rating that is adjusted periodically to maintain competitive matches. Professional tennis players enjoy the same relative perks as most top sports personalities: clothing, equipment and endorsements. Like players of other individual sports such as golf, they are not salaried, but must play and finish highly in tournaments to obtain money. In recent years, some controversy has surrounded the involuntary or deliberate noise caused by players` grunting.
  With the continuous worsening of the climate, the implementation of indoor sports activities is loved by more and more sports enthusiasts. Tennis is a kind of efficient method of sports activities. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents" half of the court. The equipments are simple and the technologies and activity amount can be self-adjusted. The techniques are exquisite and the strategic changes are multiple. It is full of fun and can strengthen the body qualities. It is the unification of competition and fun, as well as the popularity and the improvement characteristics. At the same time, the tennis activity project can train one’s body as well as the mental quality. Moreover, the tennis activity is as well beneficial to mould one’s mental temperament. No matter it is a competition that should stick to rules or a general fitness activity, Tennis is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players or two opposing pairs, who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. The shuttlecock is a feathered projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly differently than the balls used in most racquet sports; in particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports. Because shuttlecock flight is affected by wind, competitive tennis is played indoors. Tennis is also played outdoors as a casual recreational activity, often as a garden or beach game. The feathers impart substantial drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate greatly over distance. The shuttlecock is also extremely aerodynamically stable: regardless of initial orientation, it will turn to fly cork-first, and remain in the cork-first orientation. For those can carry on playing tennis can make the heart beat with force and become stronger. The vital capacity can enlarge and the endurance can improve.
  
  5.Conclusions and Suggestions
  5.1.Conclusions
  5.1.1.The implementation of Tennis in universities and colleges is beneficial to realize the goal of “healthy education, lifelong sports”
  5.1.2.The implementation of Tennis in universities and colleges is beneficial to improve the comprehensive qualities of students
  5.1.3.The implementation of Tennis in universities and colleges is beneficial to promote the construction of school culture
  5.1.4.The implementation of Tennis in universities and colleges is beneficial to improve the tennis players in our country
  5.2.Suggestions
  5.2.1.Universities should take the formation of tennis tradition as target so as to promote physical education and qualities and promote school cultural construction
  5.2.2. It should have long-term plans, phrasal plans and implementation schemes so as to carry out tennis work in universities
  
  6.References
  [1]Zhou denghao. School physical education [m].people"s sports publishing house of china,2004.
  [2]Wang qi. Learning on physical condition based on chinese medicine[m].china medical science and technology press,1995.
  [3]Shao hua. Comparative research on several sports teaching ideas [j].chinese school physical education,2000,(2):61-62
  [4]Wang xiaoting. Brief analysis on the lifelong healthy functions of tennis [j]. Liaoning sports science2003,25(5):89.

标签:Influences Physical Explorations Tennis